The most powerful black hole explosion in the universe, using data from the lunar X-ray space observatories of ESA XMM-Newton and NASA. Using two Earth-based radio telescopes in Australia and India.
The cluster of Ophiuchus galaxies exploded strongly. A cluster of thousands of galaxies is about 390 million light years away. The explosion is approximately five times greater than the previous record holder, seen in the MS 0735.6 + 7421 galaxy cluster.
And hundreds and thousands of times more than typical clusters. The largest black hole explosion seen in the universe is found in the combination of Chandra and XMM-Newton’s X-ray data.
And a combination of Murchison Widefield Array and the MetroWave Giant Telescope, as shown here. The explosion is generated by a black hole located in the central galaxy of the Offiches galaxy cluster.
Which has destroyed the jet and engraved a large cavity in the surrounding hot gas. The event was exceptionally energetic. Previously we had seen explosions in the centers of the galaxies, but this is very, very massive.
And we have no idea why it is so big, “said Professor Melanie Johnson-Hallit, an astronomer at the Curtin University node at the International Center for Research in Radio Astronomy.
The evidence of the largest black hole explosion seen in the Universe comes from of a combination of X-ray data from Chandra and XMM-Newton. And the Murchison Widefield Array and the MetroWave Giant Telescope, as shown here.
Andreporting an unusual curved edge discovery in the X-ray image of the Ophiuchus cluster of galaxies. They considered whether this edge could indicate a cavity in the hot gas associated with the black hole jets, but excluded the possibility at that time.
In the new study, Professor Johnson-Hallit and his colleagues also detected a curved edge in the XMM-Newton data, confirming previous lunar observations.
The researchers reviewed the data combined with radio wave observations from the Offiches group of the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) in Australia and the Metrewave Giant Radio Telescope (GMRT) in India.
Which revealed that the curved edges delimit the region filled with radius. The emitting gas and, in fact, the hot gas have part of a wall of the cavity.
“People were skeptical about the size of the outbreak,” said Professor Johnson-Hallit.
The universe is a strange place… “The radio data fits inside the x-rays like a hand in a glove. This is the clinic that tells us about an explosion of an unprecedented size here, ”said Dr. Maxim Markiewicz of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.
“The difference is that you can place 15 Milky Way galaxies in a row, which have been dragged into the cluster’s hot gas in this explosion,” said Dr. Simona Giacintucci, an astronomer at the US Naval Research Laboratory. UU.
“This discovery underscores the importance of studying the universe at different wavelengths,” said Professor Johnson-Hallit. Going back and doing a study of multiple wavelengths has really made a difference here.
Scientists have observed an extremely powerful explosion in the Ophiuchus galaxy cluster, which is located at a distance of approximately 390 million light years from Earth.
Here, a compound that shows the area in X-ray, infrared, and radio wavelengths. Scientists have created an extremely powerful explosion in the Ophiuchus galaxy cluster.
Which is located at a distance of approximately 390 million light years from Earth. Here, a compound that shows the area in X-ray, infrared, and radio wavelengths.
Astronomers have created a cosmic explosion that outshines everyone else. A remote eruption, traversing a distant galaxy cluster, released nearly five times more energy than the previous record holder, a new study reports.
In some ways, the explosion is similar to the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption that exploded on top of a mountain, study author Simona Giacintuki said in a statement from the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, DC..
An important difference is that you can put all 15 Milky Way galaxies in a row in the well, which was dragged into the hot cluster gas in this explosion. Our Wide Universe: Age, History, and Other Facts.
The explosion occurred in the Offiches group, which is about 390 million light years from Earth. Giacintuki and his colleagues discover that one of the component galaxies in the source cluster contained.
And a supermassive black hole, specifically, radiation from monsters and jets of material that engulf light, which are powered by gas and dust. The possibility of an incredibly powerful Ophiuchus explosion was first raised in 2016 in a study led by Norbert Werner.
Which examined images captured by NASA’s Lunar X-ray Observatory.
Werner and his colleagues reported a strange curved edge in the group, which may have been part of the cavity wall formed by an explosion.
And what an explosion it would be: Scientists calculated that it would take about 5 times 10 ^ 54 joules of energy to create such a cavity. In perspective, humanity’s total global energy consumption is approximately 6 times 10 ^ 20 joules each year.
But the 2016 study didn’t establish that an explosion was really responsible for that curved edge. Giacintucci and his colleagues made this decision by analyzing additional X-ray data from Chandra and Europe’s XMM-Newton Space Telescope.
And as well as radio information collected by the Murchison Widefield Array in Australia and the giant radio telescope MetroWave in India. The combined data suggests that the curved edge is actually part of a cavity wall.
And as it borders an area rich in radio emissions. The researchers said the emission likely occurred when the black hole outbreak caused the electrons to accelerate to the speed of light.
The radio data fits inside the radiograph like a hand in a glove, said co-author Maxim Markiewicz of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “It is the clinic that tells us that there was an explosion of unprecedented size here.”
The researchers said that the energy released by the Ophichus eruption is hundreds of times greater than the eruptions typically seen in galaxy clusters. And this is almost five times greater than the previous record holder.
The explosion in cluster MS 0735.6 + 7421. Offiches fireworks watch; The radio data shows no evidence of ongoing jet activity, the scientists said.
Chandra’s data reveals only one radio broadcast area.
This is a bit strange, because the black hole jets generally go in two different directions. The researchers said that jet feed gas, on the other hand, unlike the detected cavity, may be less abundant and radio emissions spread much faster.
The new study was published in the February 27 issue of the Astrophysical Journal. You can read a print of the newspaper for free through arXiv.org.
Our X-ray Universe: Incredible photos from NASA’s Lunar X-ray Observatory.
The strangest black hole in the universe. History and structure of the universe (infographic).. Mike Wall is the author of “Out That” (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Carl Tait), a book on the discovery of extraterrestrial life.